Depth of field means how much in your photo you have in focus. It’s the aperture that controls the sharpness of the objects. The lower the number of your f stop (like f/2.8) the smaller things are in focus, it gives that blur background effect. With the deep depth of field you have a lot in focus.
My friend wanted to have some pictures taken, but I just couldn’t neglect the blossoms 🙂
I saw taking pictures of some trees in the park when I though of looking down and I saw this bug. Cute! I loved the contrast of red and green.
On my way to take the picture it stared to drizzle, I though the colors and the contrast were beautiful.
I was taking some picture of sportsmen for the campus newspaper, I went all the way up the bleechers to get another angle and got this picture of the rails and apartment complex across the street.
This picture illustrates wide aperture. Aperture is the size of the lens opening that controls the amount of light to the lens. Wide aperture means that very small area of the image is in focus. With such setting it separates the main object of the photo from the background making it blurry. To get that effect for your picture you have to set you aperture to the lower number, such as f/1.2. The bigger the number the more objects are in focus.
This photo is very clear, everything is in focus and you can see every detail of the street. This is an example of narrow aperture. This means that the lens opening is small allowing just a little bit of light. in the camera settings it will be represented by the greater number, like f/22. It might seem that with such settings the focal point is disturbed if not lost, since everything is in focus, but such aperture allows reader depth of field and works perfectly for landscape photography.
Another setting you should be aware to get the image you want is shutter speed. Shutter speed means the time your lens will be open. Have you ever seen the paparazzis taking pictures of the pop stars taking of in their car? Their cameras go click click click. That’s when the lens opens and closes very fast. Fast shutter speed, allows to capture moving objects and keep them into focus. The picture above demonstrates this setting, making each drop vivid and clear.
This image represents slow shutter speed. This setting allows lens to be open for longer period of time making things look smoother, like this waterfall. Because the lens is open for longer time it allows the light that come is leave a trail, almost making a picture look like painting.
The other factor or setting on the camera that you should be aware of is ISO. ISO determines the sensitivity of the sensor of the camera. ISO effects the quality of the photos. High ISO makes picture clean, when low ISO makes it grainy, almost pixelated.
Stopping by a Counseling Center at university campus I attend in the beginning of the semester, put me in a slight shock. It was just the beginning of the semester, but the facility was already packed. As I stepped inside, I saw many turned their faces down to the magazines or phones. It seemed, everyone were either afraid or simply ashamed to manifest their struggling situation. After that day I saw those people around campus; they weren’t strangers anymore. I often wondered what they were going through and how I could help them.
It wasn’t long after, that this issue became more personal. My close friend shared about her struggles with depression and couple suicide attempts. Even though she wasn’t thinking about ending her life anymore, it was still hard to face daily life.
In this project I attempted to show her thoughts and feelings. Even though depression might have different faces for everyone, still a lot of people describe it as life without meaning and color. It also seems that depression is often accompanied by loneliness.
P.S. Since the topic is personal I asked my other friend to model for this project, to represent the friend I mentioned earlier in the description.
That was my first time holding a semi proffesional camera. I used to take lot of pictures and selfies on the phone, but this time is was different. First of all it wasn’t the smartphone that I used. Second, this time I knew some professional tricks and rules to make my photos stand out.
I was also intorduced to the works of one of the most amazing photographers, Steve McCurry. So in this post I want to use some of his works and mine to evaluate the rules he uses that I followed as well.
Steve McCurry is an American photographer who has worked in photojournalism and editorial. He is best known for his 1984 photograph “Afghan Girl”, which originally appeared in National Geographic magazine.
The first rule for a great composition is the rule of trirds. You can see how the second photo has a table drawn. The lines devide the photo into sections. To make your composition balanced you should put the focused elements in the thirds of the whole place of the picture. It is even better if the vocal point can be placed in the intersections of those lines.
In this photo form Steve McCurry’s travel to Afganistan he did a great job putting the man along the line as well as the bike. It’s perfectly aligned with the horizontal line on the bottom.
I used the same rule in this picture I took in San Francisco. I put the couple on the motorcycle in the intersection of the lines. Eventhough red car is kind of steeling a little bit of spot light from them.
The second technique is leading lines. This means that the diagonal lines on the photo lead to the main object of the image.
In this photo of a man in Morocco McCurry used the lines of the wall to help the viewer follow them and bring focus to the man. It’s so simple, but it makes a great difference. We don’t need to wonder around the image trying to figure out what is the main object.
I did the same with this picture I made in the library. The bookshelves lead perfectly to the chair. There are so many leading lines around! You just really have to look for it.
The Depth of the Field
The last method to make your main object to stand out and be sharp is to add the depth. In this picture the boy is the main focus. His face is clear and you can see every detail, like every separate hair, blush on his cheeks, while the rest of the background looks blurry.
In my picture I wanted to make the flowers the main point. I wanted it to draw attention to itself. Notice how you can slightly see other plan on the background.
People tend to like organized photos more than those that have chaotic composition. The main rules of photography such as the Rule Of Thirds, Deapth of Field and Leading lines help make images balanced, well composed and attractive. You might say that the rules are there to break them, but I learned that rules in photography are there for you to become a great photographer. Try youreself and see the difference!